The Madre de Dios Amazon REDD Project (the Project) is a Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) project. The Project is designed around the impending effects of a new trans-Amazonian, inter-oceanic road that is nearly complete from Brazil to the Pacific Ocean and Peruvian ports. The remaining stretch of the new road is scheduled for completion in 2009, and the completed road system will facilitate the immigration of new settlers into the region. The immigrant population is predicted to subsist by agricultural and agricultural livestock activities. Deforestation and forest degradation are a result of these activities. These effects are already visible in Brazil where the trans-Amazonian road has been complete for some time.